As with so many other episodes in early American history, the true story of the so-called Whiskey Rebellion has been purposefully scrubbed from the collective American memory and replaced with a more pro-statist version reaffirming one of the core tenets of that doctrine: federal law always trumps conflicting state statutes at least until Trump became President. Americans today are accustomed to having to kneel in groveling deference to the odious Byzantines on the Potomac. We accept the insertion of government agents into every facet of human existence, from health care to mortgages, light bulbs to flushing toilets. There was a time, however, when our forefathers were not so prone to boot licking. The true story of the Whiskey Rebellion reveals one such instance before 1861 of American refusal to roll over.
To begin, for the sake of clarity and contrast, with the “official version” of the story of the Whiskey Rebellion. The story goes that farmers in four counties in rural western Pennsylvania refused to pay an excise tax that was being levied on “spirits” as part of Alexander Hamilton’s controversial Mercantilist scheme to pay off public debts incurred during the 1775-1781 Anglo-American Civil War. When these rebellious un-American farmers refused to pay the tax and began persecuting the hapless good intentioned federal agents sent to collect the revenue, President George Washington, the Father of our country no less, mustered a militia force of about 13,000 men in 1794 for the purpose of putting down the violent uprising and to teach the “traitors” a lesson in Hamiltonian federalism and Mercantilism. Perhaps Washington’s act of Federal absolutism will spare his monuments when the Cultural genocides begin looking that way. The force was comprised mostly of Virginia militiamen supplied by then Virginia Governor, war hero, and Washington friend, Harry “Light horse” Lee. Governor Lee’s future born son would grow up to lead his state of Virginia in defense of her sovereignty against the same hubris Federal despotism.
The federalized militia met the rebel menace, defeated them, and restored the balance of power with states being put back into their servient position, with a wider revolt being avoided and order restored. If that’s your story your sticking with then you must be a Limbaugh chalder head incapable of original thought. Here are the facts of the episode that have been scraped like Confederate monuments from American history and stripped from the stories taught in textbooks.
Americans familiar with the hereditary hatred of Americans (former Englishmen) of “internal taxation” would recognize immediately the child like official version of the Whiskey Rebellion account recited above. They would know that such excises were despised more than any other revenue raising scheme for the simple fact that government tax men would be on you and on your property, searching your records and your life, in order to loot and destroy. However, A reader of the central statist story could get lost from the appreciation of the seething loathing of such taxes nor the widespread resistance to the collection of the tax on spirits passed by the First Congress serving under the newly minted, flawed Constitution. The nearly universal refusal of farmers in the “back country” to pay this tax, one comes to view nullification in a new light.
As he rose to speak against the excise tax, Georgia Representative James Jackson recounted for his colleagues that the state governments of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Kentucky had already absolutely refused to enforce the whiskey tax. Jackson went so far as to say that he hoped the other states would follow suit and would “never subscribe” to the payment of the excise. Jackson went on to provide a “short sketch of the history of excises in England.” In this summary, Jackson reminded representatives that the recent war (for Independence) was fought precisely because Americans refused to allow unjust taxes “swallow up their privileges.”
“I plainly perceive that the time will come when a shirt shall not be washed without an excise.”— Representative James Jackson of Georgia, speech against the Whiskey Tax delivered on January 5, 1791 in the House of Representatives
How prophetic Southern Statesmen were in foretelling the future of America. Imagine, for example, had the British Parliament not repealed the Stamp Act. Had that pernicious policy been applied even a year longer, the Civil War for Independence likely would have started much sooner and probably in Virginia. This rebellion would have, enjoyed far wider support than it did from 1775-1781. Josiah Parker rose to support Jackson’s position, warning, as recorded in the official record of the debates of the First Congress on Wednesday, January 5, 1791:
“It will…convulse the government; it will let loose a swarm of harpies, who, under the domination of revenue officers, will range through the country, prying into every man’s house and affairs, and like a Macedonian phalanx, bear down on all before them.”
This is so obviously similar to the complaint listed by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence that King George had “erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance.”
Historical evidence of the hatred of such taxes is useful, but not as useful as another aspect of the event. The part of the story that must be restored to the memory of Americans facing a federal government that indeed presumes to promulgate one regulation after the other and that sends swarms of harpies “ranging through the country, prying into every man’s house and affairs” is the absolute and unapologetic refusal by the state governments listed above to enforce the federal law. These six states would not send militiamen to augment the federal armed force sent out to compel compliance and they would not step aside for the government agent sent to shake down farmers for the money they “owed” to the federal treasury, This, is nullification the way it was meant to be done. As it was by cotton states in 1861. Why, then, did the local government in western Pennsylvania capitulate to the Washington administration’s collection of the whiskey tax? Here’s the story as told by Murray Rothbard:
President Washington and Secretary Hamilton chose to make a fuss about Western Pennsylvania precisely because in that region there was cadre of wealthy officials who were willing to collect taxes. Such a cadre did not even exist in the other areas of the American frontier; there was no fuss or violence against tax collectors in Kentucky and the rest of the back-country because there was no one willing to be a tax collector.
In other words, western Pennsylvania was the site of the showdown because the local leaders there were in the pocket of the federal government and were loyal to party, rather than to principle. Could anything describe the contemporary Republican Party more? Of the innumerable unconstitutional acts of the federal government and the thousands of programs they spawn, each one is only successful because there are legions of local and state lawmakers who willing cooperate with the Centralists, committing valuable local resources and man(woman) power to the carrying out of the fiats handed down from Rome on the Potomac.
We, the people, aren’t much better, however. As the statements by Representatives Jackson and Parker reveal, there was a time in our history when the people wouldn’t cower in the face of congressional threats. In fact, our ancestors stood firm in the face of armed federalized troops sent to shut them up. In fact, many of us have been programmed to accept unconstitutional federal acts and executive edicts as if they were etched in stone and handed down from Capitol Hill as if it were Mt. Sinai. Many of us rightly rail against this destructive despotism, but wrongly look to secure the support of seemingly sympathetic congressmen, presidents, and judges for redress. Others vie for the attention of radio talk DJ’s. Washington D.C. is the daughter of a harlot bitch and can’t be trusted or believed. We must rely on the states and the localities of people to bust up the brothel and send the legislative ladies of the evening home to find less lascivious and criminal vocations. Despite what one thinks of the insidious modern immigration cesspool one must appreciate California for giving the preverbal finger to the Feds by not supporting immigration law. One must hope the Central American blithe will mainly harm California. But a precedent has been set for other states to engage in more noble causes of nullification.
Ironically and tragically, the roles in the relationship between the states and federal government have been reversed and Washington considers the states expendable fiefdoms in its power orgy. State borders are drawn in sand that will dissolve and disappear under federal aggression. The nefarious premise of Lincoln is accepted where the states preceded the Federal Government.
In fairness, there are those who will argue, as did Washington and Hamilton, that the whiskey tax was a constitutionally authorized exercise of Congress’s taxing power. Perhaps that is true (it is arguable), but it is a technicality when viewed in the larger context of civil disobedience to unjust laws (be they nominally constitutional or not). As Algernon Sidney, a man of immense influence on the Founding Generation, wrote, “That which is not just, is not Law; and that which is not Law, ought not to be obeyed.” The 1964 Civil Rights Act, anyone? But that is whole other topic if not book for another discussion.
The real question in the view of the thousands of Americans who flatly refused to pay the whiskey tax — was whether this was a just tax, one narrowly tailored for the just purpose for which it was enacted. Here’s how Representative Josiah Parker — a Federalist! (a member of the Hamiltonian party) explained his reasonable opposition to the whiskey tax being imposed on the people of the United States (those who could be coerced into obeying it), according to the official records of the debates of the First Congress:
Mr. Parker said no man was more heartily disposed than he was to give his approbation to even just measure for supporting the public credit, and doing everything in his power to support the constitutional operations of government; but this mode of raising a revenue he considered as particularly odious to the people; and at the present moment he was not satisfied that such an increase to the public burdens in necessary.
The next day, after James Madison (yes, that James Madison) rose to speak in favor of the excise, James Jackson dared challenge the “Father of the Constitution” on the wisdom of this policy. Again, from the record of the debates:
“Mr. Jackson observed, that his defeat…should not defer him, while he had a monitor within, from rising in his place to do his duty, in opposition to a system unfriendly to the liberties of the people.”
In light of the true story of the Whiskey Rebellion — the recently revealed fact that the “rebellion” was not localized to western Pennsylvania and the federal government’s quashing of that pocket of resistance did not assure accession of the rest of the republic to the collection of the tax — perhaps the most important aspect of the story is that thousands of our late 18th Century countrymen reflexively recognized the despotism present in a revenue scheme that was neither based on just principles of taxation nor proven to be effective or necessary to the accomplishment of the purported purpose: paying off the state debts.
In summary the incident was not a victory for the Centralist. The entire American back-country was gripped by a non-violent, civil disobedient refusal to pay the hated tax on whiskey. No local juries could be found to convict tax delinquents. The Whiskey Rebellion was widespread and successful, for it eventually forced the federal government to repeal the excise tax. Only a few tax dissenters were arrested and two were convicted in Federal courts but later pardoned by the President.
Today we face legions of special goon squads in lieu of the 18th century militias ready to visit violence on those who even imply resistance. More often it is directed at those of us share the independent spirit of our Pennsylvania and Southern frontier ancestors.
- The slave raiders of Africa consisted of North Africa Arabs and African tribes. Slavery in the Western Hemisphere could not have ever come to fruition without the cooperation of Africans enslaving Africans.
- Alex Haley’s “Roots” was a combination of swiped passages and fiction. But facts don’t matter since slavery was not a myth. Therefore the faction as he described it stirred White guilt and pandering to shameless heights.
- Kunta Kinte as real a person as Keyser Soze.
- In the early 1990’s a Black Congressman would claim in a speech on the House floor that 200,000 million Africans were thrown into the Atlantic while being transported into slavery during the 17th and 18th Forever altering the oceans ecosystem with sharks still circling the slave ship routes. First and foremost if that had really happened there would not be any Blacks in Africa today. There is no scientific research supporting any change to the ecosystem and modern shark activity attributed to any known sailing routes. There is no historical record to support such a claim. It didn’t happen, it was bad business.
- Prior to the 1861-65 war segregation by law was only found in Northern and Western states.
- President John Kennedy and his nepotistic Attorney General Bobby had the FBI wiretap Martin King’s calls, meeting and hotel rooms because of his ties to the American Communist party.
- The electronic eaves dropping on King continued with LBJ as President. Johnson was quoted “If people knew what that Son of a Bitch did in the bedroom they wouldn’t think he was such a God Damn Saint”.
- James Earl Ray was framed for the King assassination.
- Cassis Clay aka Muhammed Ali would have never served in combat during the Vietnam War. He was offered the same duty as Joe Louis in World War II. Public relations tours and boxing exhibitions.
- Hate crimes apply only to Whites
- Martin Luther was not Mr. Kings legal Name.
- The 1861-65 War was not over slavery.
- Abraham Lincoln believed Blacks were inferior and unfit to live among Whites.
An old Chinese curse “May you get what you wish for” can be reinterpreted in English to “What goes around comes around”. The implication is the very long knives one marched in the night with may come in the twilight to your door. These are not reasonable times where today’s hunters are tomorrows prey.
Virginia Governor Ralph Northam began the week fending off charges that he supports state sanctioned infanticide(murder). In a on camera interview Governor Northam, a former pediatric neurologist turned Progressive political hack, appeared to defend the ancient Chinese practice while attempting to explain away testimony by Virginia Delegate Kathy Tran (D-Fairfax County) in support of her proposed bill that would allow abortion up to the moment of birth, but would also allow for the medical execution of the infant outside the womb in some instances. It would be no surprise if Tran and supporters threw the race card given, she is only proposing to legalize a cultural practice. If one really wanted to understand the historical truth, one would finally understand what the Northern Virginia Confederates were fighting to prevent. Northam said, “So in this particular example, if a mother is in labor, I can tell you exactly what would happen. The infant would be delivered. The infant would be kept comfortable, the infant would be resuscitated if that’s what the mother and the family desired, and then a discussion would ensue between the physicians and the mothers.” Daddy shut up and leave the room, we’ll make sure the tot has a pillow.
Facing much justified criticism from the political Right, the medical doctor turned Gubernator elaborated further in the days that followed. In response to the question whether he regretted either the substance or the form of his explanation of Madam. Tran’s testimony, the man once charged with the Hippocratic Oath not to “play at God” clicked his heels “No I don’t. I’m a physician. I’m also the governor. But when I’m asked questions a lot of the times it is put in the context of being a physician, again realizing how we approach, how we manage patients, how we offer advice and counseling, so no I don’t have any regrets.” Doctor-Governor Mengele went on to say that he regrets only “that those comments have been mischaracterized.”
Mischaracterized, taken out of context, misinterpreted that always seems to be the cover when one’s unaltered words are in the public domain. There was not a single Democrat politician who challenged Governor Northam’s explanation of Tran’s proposed bill, while no one, Republican or Democrat, called for his resignation. Unfortunately, or fortunately for Governor God, his come around week was not finished depending on how one viewed the events. Photos from Governor Northam’s medical school yearbook in 1984 mysteriously surfaced as in the case of Dylan Roof appearing to show the future governor either in blackface or wearing the notorious garb of the Ku Klux Klan. The political tsunami from the Right was swift and calls for his immediate resignation resounded across the land. Some of these calls came from various Leftist notables in his own party. 2020 presidential desirable Senator Kamala Harris (D-California) tweeted “Leaders are called to a higher standard, and the stain of racism should have no place in the halls of government. The Governor of Virginia should step aside so the public can heal and move forward together.” Another wannabe president, Senator Elizabeth “Squaw” Warren (D-Massachusetts), tweeted “These racist images are deeply disturbing. Hatred and discrimination have no place in our country and must not be tolerated, especially from our leaders — Republican or Democrat. Northam must resign.” Julito Castro, former Housing and Urban Development Secretary under President Obama who is considering a run at the presidency, tweeted “It doesn’t matter if he is a Republican or a Democrat. This behavior was racist and unconscionable. Governor Northam should resign.” Other politicos and members of the babbling classes, Left and Right, took part in the verbal stoning.
What is most indicative of these unreasonable times in which we live are the responses these two incidents called forth. In the first, involving Governor Northam’s defense of legalized baby killing, only politicians and pundits on the Right offered resistance to such an evil proposal, but duly noted did not include calls for the governor’s resignation. In the second, involving a yearbook photograph from thirty-five years ago depicting the governor wearing either blackface or a Klan outfit at a party of some kind, politicians and pundits on the Right and Left immediately joined hands in denunciation and called for his resignation. Many on the Right commented on the rank hypocrisy of a man who would don so called offensive costumes repeatedly denouncing his political opponent as a “racist”, as Governor Northam shamelessly did in Virginia’s gubernatorial campaign just last fall defeating race pandering neo-con Ed Gillespie. Speaking of what goes around comes around. In what was then a quasi- reasonable world in 1984 the Northam yearbook photos would be considered sophomoric humor of the time. Go on to You Tube and watch the SNL skits 70’s and 80’s. Heavens to Martin Luther how could NBC ever have allowed such offensiveness to be aired?
However, before the Northam affair came the outrageous phony charges of sexual misconduct against now-Justice Brett Kavanaugh – charges which were based, in part, upon defining the meaning of immature commentary found in Justice Kavanaugh’s high school yearbook. It is clear where our ruling master’s priorities lie. In 2019 America, legalized infanticide, pure murder of infants, garners a mere yawn. As it were, among our ruling elite in both parties and the Cultural Marxists media they are expanding the definitions of hate think utilizing their contemporary lenses. Even worse than black face is those who have attended Antebellum balls wearing period dress, sombreros or any other dress of a favored ethic group. Employers are encouraged to peruse year books, event publications and programs to find these past now contemporary acts of racism and hate. May you get what you wish for.
For reasons never explained to me February has been proclaimed “Black History” month and it is rubbed in my face every time I turn on the TV or access the internet. It seems Black History and pop culture have merged and are no longer viewed as mutually exclusive. History syllabuses contain what court jester historians wish happened and not with what actually occurred. My contribution to Black Pop Cultural History is to point out what are beliefs and portrayals falsely construed as facts.
*There were no Black Roman Centurions.
- Blacks were not indigenous to the European continent.
- There were no Black Viking.
- There were no Black Celts.
- There were no Black Englishmen let alone English Kings. A few African Blacks appear in English society in the 18th These were servants or attendants to wealthy English colonials.
- African slavery was not a White European conception.
- African Blacks were not the primary source of servitude in the 17th and 18th centuries in the English North American colonies. Ninety percent of the Indentured servants were White Europeans, most coming from Ireland.
- Virginia was not the first English colony to legally codify the importation of African Slaves.
- The first slave owner of record in Virginia was not a White man.
- There never was an established slave trail in Colonial Virginia, originating from Jamestown.
- Most Black slaves based on promised emancipation did not enlist in the American Continental army during the 1775-81 Anglo American war. More than two thirds of the slaves enlisted to fight in the conflict joined the British serving in American Loyalist Colonial units.
- The morality of slavery was not an issue at the 1787 Constitutional Convention and not the root of the Two Thirds Clause.
- The importation of African slaves to the United States ceased in the early 1800’s. Thomas Jefferson signed the ban into law in 1807. The New England states threatened to secede because of the ban.
- There is no proof a Black man was among the 250 Alamo defenders killed on March 6, 1836.
- The 1839 Amistad incident was a minor event and set no precedents. It had nil influence on events to come. The 1997 movie is an excellent example of hokey pop fiction metastasized into false beliefs.
- The Underground Railroad was largely a post war myth. No more than 2,000 Black slaves found their way to freedom through the network. All coming from the Border States and none from the Deep South Cotton states. The Northern States had stringent “Black Laws” denying basic citizenship rights to non-whites and most of the runaways moved on to Canada.
- The majority of plantation overseers in the Antebellum South were Black.
- According to the 1860 census there were approximately a half million free Blacks living in the United States. More than fifty percent resided in the South.
- The majority of Antebellum Southerners did not own slaves and did not fight the bloodiest war in American history so the other Six percent could retain slaves.
- The 1863 Emancipation Proclamation did not free any slaves. It was a war time measure in Lincoln’s own words intended to incite Southern slave insurrections. No slave rebellions came to fruition and slaves in U.S. Controlled areas remained so until the 13th amendment passed. It was not the first such proclamation issued by Lincoln (topic of its own).
- There were no Blacks serving or aiding the Centralist U.S. army at 1863 Gettysburg. There were no less than 10,000 Blacks, slaves and freemen, accompanying the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the campaign. They served in auxiliary duties as medical orderlies, nurses, cooks, foragers, teamsters and even guarded Centralist U.S. POW’s.
- Lincoln never met with U.S. colored troops as depicted in Spielberg’s movie.
- U.S. Colored troops never defeated Confederate regulars.
- U,S. Colored Calvary “Buffalo Soldiers” participated in the military campaigns eliminating and subjugating the American plains Indians.
- The Juneteenth recognition is largely a modern creation. Not until the ratification of the 13th Amendment were all slaves emancipated.
- Kwanza is not an ancient religious movement nor African.
- The Tuskegee Fighter Squad “The Red Tails” was not the most decorated World War II United States fighter squadron, nor had the most combat air kills, nor flew the most missions.
- The Allied World War II combat forces were racially segregated with no exceptions. Blacks would not have served with Whites in Allied Commando units as depicted in fictional movies such as the Dirty Dozen and U235.
- A myth of the Vietnam conflict was a disproportionate number of Blacks were killed in combat. 86.3% of the men killed in the Vietnam War were Caucasians, 12.5% were Black and 1.2% of other races. Black fatalities were proportional to the U.S. Black population and slightly less than their overall military proportion at the end of the war.
- Martin Luther King Jr was not his legal name. He did not always preach peaceful change.
- The Ku Klux Klan at its zenith was not as violent as the 1960-70’s Black Panthers and Weathermen Underground. In the 20th century the state with largest known Klan membership was not in the South. It was Indiana with over 2,000,000 members.